In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology popularly known as IVF. The process of fertilization by manually combining a sperm and egg in a laboratory dish and then deporting the embryo straight into the uterus is called IVF. Some other types of assisted reproductive technology are ZIFT (Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer) and GIFT (Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer). Read on the concerns of this article to know more on IVF, why it is used and its possible hazards which you should be aware of.

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When is IVF used and what kind of patients?

IVF can be used to treat infertility among different kind of patients with different reproductive problems. Some such problems may include the following.

  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Male infertility which means sperm motility or decreased sperm count
  • Women with disorders in ovulation like uterine fibroids or premature ovarian failure
  • Women who have removed their fallopian tubes for some reasons
  • Unknown reasons for infertility and
  • Individuals with some specific genetic disorder

Potential risks of IVF treatment

There are different kinds of issues that a woman may face when it comes to IVF treatment. Check out some common issues.

Side effects of Medicines and drugs

There are many women who may see some reaction to the medicines and the drugs which are used during IVF. Although most of the times the side effects are mild enough, yet they may include:

  • Feeling down or feeling irritated
  • Hot flushes
  • Restlessness
  • Headaches
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Multiple births

If the physician replaces more than 1 embryo in the womb as part of IVF treatment, you may be at a risk of producing triplets or twins. No, it’s not that having more than one baby is a bad thing but it might just considerably increase the risk of complications for both you and your babies. Certain issues which are commonly associated with multiple births are miscarriage, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, anaemia and associated bleeding and requirement of caesarean section. Your babies may even be born prematurely or with extremely low birth-weight.

Ectopic pregnancy

When you opt for IVF, you may be slightly more vulnerable to ectopic pregnancy where the embryo implants in the fallopian tubes rather than implanting in the womb. This may lead to pain in the stomach which might be followed by dark vaginal discharge or vaginal bleeding. When your pregnancy test is positive post IVF, you will require going for a scan at 6 weeks to ensure that your pregnancy is a normal one.

Slight risk among older women

The IVF treatment usually gets less successful with older age and the risk of miscarriage and birth defects increase with the age of women opting for IVF treatment. The doctors will discuss the increased risks which may come with age and they are the best people to answer all your queries.

Therefore, if you’re about to opt for IVF in order to conceive and become pregnant, you should consider the above mentioned hazards and risks so that you don’t face unexpected problems later on. You may also take a look at IVF process Invimed to know more on this assisted reproductive technology.

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