Human labour used to be the pinnacle of efficiency in the manufacturing industry, until the conveyor belt was created. Unfortunately, though there was no alternative at the time, human interaction in the process meant the occasional injury and a degradation to product quality and inconsistency. Fortunately, the creation of conveyor belts took the human factor out of much of the equation, leading to vast improvements in efficiency, safety and the quality of manufacturing.

Not all belt conveyors are built the same; the specific design used from one belt to another is tailored to the type of product being ferried along the production line. By understanding the specific use case for each type of belt, businesses can enjoy the immediate benefits listed above.

General Purposes, Solid

These are the most commonly used conveyor belts in the business world. With a solid build, they are normally constructed from materials such as fabric or rubber (Nylon, for example). The material chosen will depend on the intended use of the belt; airports often choose polyester or rubber, as luggage easily adheres to this type of material, offering more resistance against slipping.

Woven Metal

Similar to filter belts, but with narrower pores, woven metal belts are constructed from interlinking stripes of metal or wire. The porous design allows for air to penetrate the surface whilst a product progresses along the assembly line or manufacturing chain. Due to air exposure, the product can be dried or cooler quickly.

Hinged

Hinged conveyor belts are often crafted from metal and used in complex pulley systems, where small parts and products are used, or for recycling. The design gives this belt a sold and flat surface, which is easily able to rotate whilst moving through the system. They’re sturdy and durable for long-term, rigorous use.

Plastic Interlocking

Plastic belts are composed of numerous modular parts that interlock to form a single conveyor belt. This alternative to metal and fabric options is popular for use in environments where food is handled; the modular components can easily be dismantled for cleaning or replacement after contamination.

Filter

Filter belts are useful in processing where smaller debris needs to be separated from larger objects. These filter belts allow particulates to drop through small slots or filters, as opposed to riding the full journey from beginning to end. They’re often used to remove liquid or dirt from products, or to treat water.

Last Thoughts

If the primary purpose for a conveyor belt system is known, then vast improvements in efficiency can be had within any manufacturing or logistics business, by selecting the correct type of belt.

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